Siddhartha Gautama is the founder of Buddhism, he was born into a royalty in India. He is a wealthy man and is really rich. He has a little exposure to the outside world for his parents believe this will protect him from the influence of religion and pain. As much as his parents protect him and take him away from penetrating religion, something occured and his shelter was reached and then he had visions, his visions of an aged man, a corpse and a sick man. The fourth vision he had was an ascetic monk. This monk is the one who doesn’t need his wealth but lived peacefully. Seeing this last vision of a monk, he decided to become an ascetic himself. He became a leader most specially to his peers. He lived based on his beliefs and came up to eating one bowl of rice, eaten under a tree or now called the Bodhi Tree. He used to meditate there until he will reach the enlightenment and agreed to die if he can’t. Despite all the temptations of eating and all other elements, he achieved enlightenment. With that he became know as the enlightened one or the “Buddha.” He used all his learnings and realizations and began to spread and later teach fellow monks. He really did a great influence, to the point that five of his peers are appointed as his first disciples.
What had Gautama discovered? Enlightenment lay in the “middle way,” not in luxurious indulgence or self-mortification. Moreover, he discovered what would become known as the ‘Four Noble Truths’—1) to live is to suffer (Dukha), 2) suffering is caused by desire (Tanha, or “attachment”), 3) one can eliminate suffering by eliminating all attachments, and 4) this is achieved by following the noble eightfold path. The “eightfold path” consists of having a right 1) view, 2) intention, 3) speech, 4) action, 5) livelihood (being a monk), 6) effort (properly direct energies), 7) mindfulness (meditation), and 8) concentration (focus). The Buddha’s teachings were collected into the Tripitaka or “three baskets.”
His beliefs hold that sin is an impersonal and fixable error, it never agrees with the belief of depravity, a basic belief of Christianity, for Buddhism believes that there is only ethical living and meditative and appeals to be exalted in achieving the eternal purpose in achieving the enlightenment. His true followers, Buddhism, is the religion who has philosophy of morality and ethics, they believe in reincarnation and so if you do something not right you will keep on reincarnating until you do things right.